Down here on a plain fried like a frying pan, the deadly breath of ice became life-giving and moist and made it possible to grow excellent crops. In the early morning, the rays of the sun, still weak, fell obliquely on the forest peaks, and on the shaggy heads of the giants, where the stars played and hid at night, fiery crowns flashed one after another.
Light and warmth slowly crawled down the tree trunks when the lights of Yekaterinodar appeared in the distance, which in 1860 became the center of the Kuban region. When the Tikhoretsk-Ekaterinodar-Novorossiysk railway was built in the North Caucasus, it turned into a major commercial, industrial and transport hub.
As for the city where my travelers were heading, it arose in 1837, when forty families of mountain Armenians (Circassogai), who moved to the Kuban from the Crimea, settled on the plain and named their village in honor of one of the ancient capitals of Armenia — Armavir. Vardan found out that at the end of the 19th century, when the Vladikavkaz railway passed through Armavir, it quickly turned into a major commercial and industrial center. The mass influx of peasant and artisan people from central Russia changed the structure of the population, the overwhelming majority in Armavir were Russian residents. They, like other migrants, were called non-residents in the Kuban. At the initiative of non-residents, new primary schools and colleges were opened in Armavir. Regarding the place of his future work — the Armavir Pedagogical School — Vardan found out that at first there was only one teacher of the Russian and Armenian languages and a teacher of the law. The school was maintained at the expense of government. In 1882, the school was named Alexandrovsky — in honor of Emperor Alexander III.